“A compelling and insightful analysis of unconventional and clandestine pursuits in nineteenth-century America. This work assesses individual agency within specific social, political, and economic contexts and illustrates that ‘free will’ is always constrained in some way.”—Deborah L. Rotman, author of The Archaeology of Gender in Historic America
The Archaeology of Prostitution and Clandestine Pursuits synthesizes case studies from various nineteenth-century sites where material culture reveals evidence of prostitution, including a brothel in Five Points, New York City’s most notorious neighborhood, and parlor houses a few blocks from the White House and Capitol Hill. Rebecca Yamin and Donna Seifert also examine brothels in the American West—in frontier sites and mining camps in Sandpoint, Idaho; Prescott, Arizona; and Fargo, North Dakota; and in urban Los Angeles. The artifact assemblages found at these sites often contradict written records, allowing archaeologists to construct a more realistic and complicated picture of daily life for working-class women involved in commercial sex.
Recognizing the agency involved in practicing a profession that has never been considered respectable, even when it wasn’t outright illegal, Yamin and Seifert also look at the agency of other individuals who participated in illicit activities. Some defied society in public—drinking on the job or smuggling—while others acted in private—scratching messages in window panes or hiding caches of magical artifacts. The authors demonstrate the various ways disempowered groups—including immigrants, African Americans, women, and the poor—wielded autonomy while constrained by cultural norms. They also consider similar, contemporary expressions of agency, with particular attention to ongoing arguments surrounding the legalization of prostitution. Juxtaposing today’s debates alongside the clandestine pursuits of the past reveals how dominant moral standards determine what individual choices are publicly permissible.
Rebecca Yamin, retired senior associate and principal archaeologist at John Milner Associates, is the author of Digging in the City of Brotherly Love, Stories from Philadelphia Archaeology. Donna J. Seifert, retired senior associate and principal archaeologist at John Milner Associates, is former president of the Society for Historical Archaeology. A volume in the series the American Experience in Archaeological Perspective, edited by Michael S. Nassaney
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