"This much-anticipated book gives us a thorough and extremely readable account of Tristan de Luna's tragic expedition to Florida. It is also a fascinating story of how these long-lost shipwrecks are found and excavated."--Kathleen Deagan, coauthor of Fort Mose: Colonial America's Black Fortress of Freedom
"Exciting and gripping. This wonderful book tells the story of the ship, the people who built and sailed it, the time in which it was built, the exploration of the New World, and the dreams and hopes of the first Europeans to immigrate to the Americas."--Filipe Vieira de Castro, author of The Pepper Wreck: A Portuguese Indiaman at the Mouth of the Tagus River
"One of very few sixteenth-century Spanish shipwrecks in the New World to receive extensive scientific excavation. A landmark study of the highest significance."--J. Barto Arnold III, Institute of Nautical Archaeology, Texas A&M University
"Meticulously details how the ship was found, its historical background, methods of excavation, procedures of artifact conservation, and local participation. All in all, most satisfying."--George F. Bass, editor of Ships and Shipwrecks of the Americas: A History Based on Underwater Archaeology
"Shows how a historic shipwreck can be used to stimulate legislation, educational facilities, conservation, museum services, and public support for the enlightened protection and management of the underwater archaeological resource."--Colin Martin, coauthor of The Spanish Armada
"A welcome addition to the archaeological literature of America's Spanish colonial experience, this volume offers a compelling look at the oldest wreck found in Florida."--James P. Delgado, coauthor of The Maritime Landscape of the Isthmus of Panama
In 1559, Spanish explorer Tristan de Luna led a fleet of ships from Mexico to Pensacola Bay, Florida. His objective was to settle the Florida frontier for the Kingdom of Spain. But a hurricane struck soon after his arrival, destroying the small colony and sinking six of his ships. Few significant remains were uncovered for more than 400 years--until a ship was found underwater off Emanuel Point in modern-day Pensacola.
Florida's Lost Galleon documents this groundbreaking discovery, the earliest shipwreck found in Florida. Underwater archaeologists describe how they explored the ship’s hull and recorded it carefully in order to reconstruct the original vessel and its last mission. They take readers into the laboratory to explain how the waterlogged objects they uncovered were analyzed and prepared for public display. The story of the ill-fated colony unfolds as they discuss the surprisingly well-preserved Spanish colonial artifacts, including armor, ammunition, plant and animal remains, and wooden and metal tools.
The excavation of the Emanuel Point shipwreck was driven by the enthusiasm and support of local volunteers, and this volume argues for the importance of such public archaeology projects. Florida's Lost Galleon invites readers to experience the exciting world of marine archaeology as it opens up a forgotten chapter in American history.
Roger C. Smith served as state underwater archaeologist for the Florida Bureau of Archaeological Research for three decades. He is the author of Vanguard of Empire: Ships of Exploration in the Age of Columbus, The Maritime Heritage of the Cayman Islands, and coauthor of An Atlas of Maritime Florida.
Contributors: Elizabeth D. Benchley | John R. Bratten | Gregory Cook | Joseph Cozzi | Della Scott-Ireton | KC Smith | Roger C. Smith | James D. Spirek | John E. Worth
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