Expands our understanding of the importance of Martí’s exile in North American beyond the standard milieu of Cuban independence; rather, it finds within the context of Martí’s observations and experiences in the United States the core influence for much of his position on slavery and race--Fountain’s central argument gives new and valuable insight into our understanding of Martí’s authentic push for the unification and liberation of Cuba. In turn, her book opens a door to comprehending an oft underappreciated, but crucial facet of the life and writings of Jose Martí.
--La Habana Elegante


Deserves the attention of all those who are interested in José Martí, in the history of the USA and of Cuba in the nineteenth century.

Recommended for students and those interested in expanding their knowledge about historically evolving race relations.
--Colonial Latin American Historical Review

Fountain moves nimbly among Martí’s most famous works as well as lesser-known pieces, highlighting common themes as well as personal evolution.
--Hispanic American Historical Review

Provides a focused, comprehensive examination into how Martí’s time in the United States directly shaped his hemispheric vision of race.
--Latin Americanist

Pulls together socio-history, the dynamics of race and racism, national politics, the politics of identity and colonialism, and issues of liberty and nationhood to craft a narrative which offers a slice of the tale of Martí’s life and times.
--Caribbean Quarterly

A book that deserves to be on the shelves of most libraries. Scrupulous, sympathetic, with copious but unobtrusive notes, and with occasionally muted criticism of Martí, it deepens our knowledge of this area. Anne Fountain not only contributes to our understanding of Martí on race but also throws new light on the poetry and creative writing of this writer and martyr.

Relevant to scholars on Cuba, race, the African diaspora, Native Americans, and Latino studies. . . . A valuable resource.