Shows clearly how various ethnic and racial groups were constantly being redefined during the later part of the 19th century. . . . Highly recommended. -- CHOICE

 [This] well-researched study offers a valuable contribution to our understanding of the urban South’s racial and ethnic diversity in the mid- and late nineteenth century. -- Civil War Book Review

 Provides the strongest evidence for rapidly changing ethnic and racial relations in Reconstruction...A detailed and complex story of racial and ethnic interaction. -- Journal of American History

 A detailed examination of race and ethnicity in Charleston from 1850 to 1876 that contributes to our understanding of urban places in the South. -- American Historical Review

 Offers a descriptive case study filled with well-written contextual overviews familiar to historians immersed in the study of slavery, the South, and antebellum immigration. -- Journal of American History

 Stands as an exciting addition to historians’ understanding of race and ethnicity as well as the complexities of life in an antebellum southern city. -- Journal of Southern History

 An important work. Strickland has exposed the shifts in race and ethnicity in one southern city by highlighting the tremendous power of divide and conquer techniques, greed, and caste formation. -- Journal of African American History