"Stake[s] out a position that will affect future discussions of the emergence of chiefdoms. . . . promises to greatly increase our understanding of the emergence of inequality and institutionalized leadership positions."--John Scarry, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
These compelling essays about Native American chiefs and their rise to power break new ground in the study of chiefdoms and their origins. Archaeologists, historians, and anthropologists bring up to date the information about many complex chiefdoms that flourished throughout the Americas, in which numerous villages and regions were ruled single-handedly by hereditary chiefs.
The book’s focus on the leadership of chieftains offers a new perspective for examining the development of complex chiefly societies in the Americas. The geographically and chronologically diverse case studies highlight the dynamics of the temporary chieftaincy and the development of permanent, hereditary chiefdoms.
Foreword by Neil L. Whitehead
Preface by Elsa M. Redmond
Introduction: The Dynamics of Chieftaincy and the Development of Chiefdoms, by Elsa M. Redmond
1. What Happened at the Flashpoint? Conjectures on Chiefdom Formation at the Very Moment of Conception, by Robert L. Carneiro
2. Less than Meets the Eye: Evidence for Protohistoric Chiefdoms in Northern New Mexico, by Winifred Creamer and Jonathan Haas
3. In War and Peace: Alternative Paths to Centralized Leadership, by Elsa M. Redmond
4. Investigating the Development of Venezuelan Chiefdoms, by Charles S. Spencer
5. Tupinambá Chiefdoms? by William C. Sturtevant
6. Colonial Chieftains of the Lower Orinoco and Guayana Coast, by Neil L. Whitehead
7. War and Theocracy, by Pita Kelekna
8. The Muisca: Chiefdoms in Transition, by Doris Kurella
9. Social Foundations of Taino Caciques, by William Keegan, Morgan Maclachlan, and Brian Byrne
10. Native Chiefdoms and the Exercise of Complexity in Sixteenth-Century Florida, by Jerald T. Milanich
11. The Evolution of the Powhatan Paramount Chiefdom in Virginia, by Helen C. Rountree and E. Randolph Turner III
Elsa M. Redmond, research associate in the Department of Anthropology at the American Museum of Natural History in New York, is the author of Tribal and Chiefly Warfare in South America and A Fuego y Sangre: Early Zapotec Imperialism in the Cuicatlán Cañada, Oaxaca.
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"A substantive contribution to the literature on chiefdoms and circumscription theory
. . . . Chiefdoms and Chieftaincy in the Americas deserves careful and deliberate study by anyone interested in chiefdoms and the rise of elites."-- American Antiquity
"A set of case materials and perspectives that should stimulate thought on the part of all those interested in chiefdoms." - Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland
--Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland
"Carries forward the important work of Robert Carneiro and others. Important information, useful ideas, and valuable theoretical positions." - American Anthropologist
"A thought-provoking contribution to the study of chiefdoms." -Journal of Middle Atlantic Achaeology
--Journal of Middle Atlantic Archaeology
a set of case mat4erials and perspectives that sould stimulate thought on the part of all those interested in chiefdoms.
--Royal Anthropological Institute