“An in-depth and important new look at the rich culture of Dutch America as revealed through the practice of historical archaeology.”—Charles E. Orser Jr., author of The Archaeology of Race and Racialization in Historic America “Presenting wide-ranging overviews and case studies, this book fills a huge gap in the historical archaeology of early America and presents fascinating glimpses of the new North American world the Dutch made through trade.”—Mary C. Beaudry, coeditor of The Historical Archaeology of Shadow and Intimate Economies The Archaeology of New Netherland illuminates the influence of the Dutch empire in North America, assembling evidence from seventeenth-century settlements located in present-day New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, and Delaware. Archaeological data from this important early colony has often been overlooked because it lies underneath major urban and industrial regions, and this collection makes a wealth of information widely available for the first time.
Contributors to this volume begin by discussing the global context of Dutch colonization and reviewing typical Dutch material culture of the time as seen in ceramics from Amsterdam households. Next, they focus on communities and activities at colonial sites such as forts, trading stations, drinking houses, and farms. The essays examine the agency and impact of Indigenous people and enslaved Africans, particularly women, in the society of New Netherland, and they trace interactions between Dutch settlers and Europeans from other colonies including New Sweden. The volume also features landmark studies of cooking pots, marbles, tobacco pipes, and other artifacts.
The research in this volume offers an invitation to investigate New Netherland with the same sustained rigor that archaeologists and historians have shown for English colonialism. The many topics outlined here will serve as starting points for further work on early Dutch expansion in America. Craig Lukezic is cultural resource manager at Naval Air Station Patuxent River in Maryland. John P. McCarthy is cultural preservation specialist with the Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control.