More Than Black
Afro-Cubans in Tampa

Susan D. Greenbaum

Foreword by Kevin A. Yelvington
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"Among the many merits of this book is the fact that Greenbaum convincingly places the experience of this small community within the widest context. In so doing, she dexterously reveals the dialectical interplay among local, state, national, and international developments. It is local history written with the eyes of an eagle, which is how it should be written but seldom is. It is a remarkable achievement."--Winston James, Columbia University

This engaging ethnography follows Cuban exiles from Jose Marti's revolution to the Jim Crow South in Tampa, Florida, as they shape an Afro-Cuban-American identity over a span of five generations.

Unlike most studies of the Cuban exodus to the United States, which focus on the white, middle-class, conservative exiles from Castro's Cuba, More Than Black is peopled with Afro-Cubans of more modest means and more liberal ideology. Fifteen years of collaboration between the author and members of Tampa's century-old Marti-Maceo Society, a mutual-aid and Cuban independence group, yield a work that combines the intimacy of ethnography with the reach of oral and archival history. Its weave of rich historical and ethnographic materials re-creates and examines the developing community of black immigrants in Ybor City and West Tampa, the old cigar-making neighborhoods of the city. It is a story of unfolding consequences that begins when the black and white solidarity of emigrating Cubans comes up against Jim Crow racism and progresses through a painful renegotiation of allegiances and identities.

Building on Marti's declaration that being Cuban was "more than white, more than black," this study views, from the vantage of a community unique in time and place, the joint effects of ethnicity and gender in shaping racial identities. Photographs of individuals, families, and events, both historical and contemporary, complement the highly readable text.

Susan D. Greenbaum is professor of anthropology at the University of South Florida.

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Theodore Saloutos Book Award - 2003
Harry T. & Harriette V. Moore Award - 2003
Choice Outstanding Academic Title - 2003

"By skillfully bridging the empirical and the theoretical, she has creted a case study that might well seve as a model for students as well as practitioners of the social sciences. Greenbaum uses the Tampa community to clearly and forcefully illustrate theoretical issues, from the interaction of race, ethnicity, and gender to social and cultural capital formation, with an excellent example of applied anthropology thrown in as well." "a well-written and solid piece of scholarship appropriate for all academic collections." - Choice

"an extremely complex yet largely accessible work on the Afro-Cuban community in Tampa, Florida from the late 1800s to the present day." - H-South/H-Net

"Covering a long sweep of time, this work combines the intimacy of ethnography with the reach of oral and archival history. It offers an innovative analysis of the economics of mutual aid, and the interweaving of an unusual variety of sources. Broad concepts related to the politics and economics of race, gender, and ethnicity, are examined from the vantage of a community that was uniquely positioned in time and space." - Anthropology News
--Anthropology News

"a masterful combination of history, anthropology, cultural theory, and contemporary public policy, of interest to a wide spectrum of academic and general reader audiences." - H-Florida

" A magnificent Study" ; "Equally effective as a work of scholarship and as a book that tells a powerful and intriguing story."
--Journal of Social History

"A thorough and thoughtful portrait of a people--unified by nationality and color, anchored by a mutual aid society--confronting and surviving life in Tampa. Greenbaum captures it all with a detailed narrative supported by carefully documented notes, sources, interviews, photos, charts, and maps."
--Hispanic Outlook

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